Where luxury coffee comes from (part 1)

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Countless cities around the world have a café on nearly every street corner. Coffee is one of the top commodities in the world. Coffee beans are in high demand everywhere, which is why the top producing countries produce millions of kilograms of coffee beans every year. While eager consumers wait on their favourite brew, it might not be known to them where their cup of Joe comes from. In addition to producing coffee, decaffeinated coffee beans provide us with other beverages such as cola, and coffee beans are also used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The world’s best coffee producers are from these countries:

 

Brazil

 

Brazil might be famously known for their beautiful models and their breathtaking carnivals, but did you know they hold the record for the largest coffee-producing nation in the world? They have produced coffee beans for more than 150 years. In 2014 Brazil produced a staggering 2,594,100,000 kilograms of coffee beans that year alone. Their coffee plantations cover about 27,000 square kilometers in the southeast of Brazil, where the climate and temperature are ideal for coffee production. What makes this country unique is the way in which they produce their coffee beans. Their coffee production goes through a dry process known as unwashed coffee. Instead of washing their beans by taking it through a wet process, their coffee cherries are dried in the sun.

 

Ethiopia

 

Ethiopians roast their beans in a traditional manner, which is the main reason why Ethiopian agriculture in coffee beans is known as the best in Africa. This country has a rich coffee heritage for more than 1100 years and is home to Arabica coffee, the most popular beans worldwide. It’s estimated that 15 million Ethiopians are employed in coffee production. Since the domestication of the plant, regional variants of the Arabica bean have been developed. The Harar, Limu, Sidamo, and Yirgacheffe beans each have their own characteristic and taste, which are trademarked varieties of the Arabica bean. The rights are owned and protected by the government of Ethiopia.

 

Indonesia

 

Home to the most expensive types of coffee in the world. Indonesia produced more than 660,000,000 kilograms of coffee beans in 2015. Their coffee is expensive in its own right as they have developed a quantity over quality method. Their climate is better suited for the production of lower-quality Robusta beans which is less valued than the Arabica beans. Indonesia is an  ideal geographical location for coffee plantation, as it is near the equator and has numerous mountainous regions that are well suited for coffee production. Their high quality bean is the Kopi Luwak, an expensive bean which has an unique production method. The secret to making this bean so expensive is the palm civet, a cat like animal which lives in the jungles of southeast Asia. The animal consumes the raw coffee berries yet cannot process the hard beans on the inside of the berry. Upon defecation, the “deposits” are collected, cleaned and processed to be sold as Kopi Luwak beans. Only 500kg of these beans are sold per year. Due to its exclusivity a cup of brewed coffee from this bean can cost up $80 (or R1083.70).